Dunia kesehatan, pengobatan dan medis bukanlah sesuatu yang asing bagi kita. Mungkin kita sudah sering bersentuhan dengan hal-hal medis dan kesehatan. Yang masih agak asing adalah penggunaan istilah medis dalam Bahsa Inggris. Oleh karena itu pada kesempatan ini kami tim allenglish.info akan membagikan beberapa istilah-istilah dunia medis dalam Bahasa Inggris.
Istilah Kesehatan dan Medis dalam Bahasa Inggris
abnormal = tidak normal untuk tubuh manusia. Contoh : This weight is abnormal for girl of your age.
ache = sakit atau nyeri yang susah hilang. Contoh : Jonathan can’t sleep last night because his back ache in the night.
acute = akut, parah. Contoh : His lung cancer were acute.
allergy, allergic = alergi. Contoh : Martha is allergic to peanuts.
ambulance = ambulans. Contoh : They called an ambulance when George had an accident.
amnesia = amnesia, suatu kondisi yang menyebabkan seseorang kehilangan ingatan. Contoh : She can’t remember the accident because She had amnesia.
amputation = amputasi. Contoh : The doctor had to amputate his leg.
anaemia, anaemic = anemia, kondisi saat tubuh tidak memiliki sel darah merah yang cukup. Contoh : He has low energy because He is anaemic.
antibiotics = antibiotik, obat yang membunuh bakteri dan menyembuhkan infeksi. Contoh : Her teeth infection went away after She started the antibiotics.
anti-depressant = obat anti depresi. Contoh : The anti-depressants helped her move on with her life after her father died.
appointment = pertemuan yang sudah dijadwalkan dengan tenaga medis. Contoh : We have an appointment with Dr. Smith tomorrow.
arthritis = radang sendi. Contoh : My grandfather can’t go to the rice field anymore because the arthritis in his legs is so bad.
asthma = asma. Contoh : He always carries an inhaler to work because He has asthma.
bacteria = bakteri. Contoh : It is important to wash your hands to prevent the spread of bacteria.
bedsore = sakit karena pasien terlalu lama di tempat tidur. Contoh :His grandmother develop painful bedsores because of lying in bed too long.
benign = tidak berbahaya. Contoh : They are hoping that the tests will show that the lump in his lung is benign.
biopsy = biopsi, pengambilan jaringan tubuh untuk uji medis. Contoh : To find out what the disease is, biopsy has to be performed.
blood count = jumlah sel darah merah dan putih dalam tubuh manusia. Contoh : Her blood count is almost back to normal.
blood donor = donor darah, orang yang mendonorkan darah. Contoh : To be a blood donor, you have to answer questions about your medical history.
blood pressure = tekanan darah. Contoh : High blood pressure is not good for your health.
brace = penahan bagian tubuh yang cidera agar tetap pada posisi yang benar. Contoh : He probably have to wear a brace on his ankle when he walks.
breech = sungsang. Contoh : The doctor thought it was going to be a breech birth.
broken = patah. Contoh : His leg was broken after that car accident.
bruise = luka memar. Contoh : The man was badly bruised when he came into the emergency room.
caesarean section, c-section = operasi caesar. Contoh : The baby was so large that the doctor had to perform a caesarean section.
cancer = kanker. Contoh : Smoking may lead to lung cancer.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) = tindakan pengembalian nafas dan sirkulasinya, pemberian nafas bantuan. Contoh : It is useful to learn CPR.
cast = pembalut lengan atau kaki yang patah. Contoh : I can’t attend the party because my leg is in a cast.
chemotherapy = kemoterapi, salah satu tindakan pengobatan pasien kanker. Contoh : My grandmother has already had three months of chemotherapy.
chickenpox = cacar air. Contoh : Children often attacked by chicken pox.
coroner = petugas pemeriksa sebab kematian seseorang. Contoh : I work as a coroner in a public hospital for five years.
critical condition = kondisi kritis. Contoh : She’s in critical condition.
crutches = tongkat untuk berjalan bagi pasien yang cidera kaki. Contoh : After that accident, she has to use crutches for a month.
cyst = kista, nanah. Contoh : The doctors are going to remove the cysts.
deaf = tidak bisa mendengar, tuli. Contoh : The car accident left the patient deaf.
deficiency = kekurangan. Contoh : The tests show that she has a calcium deficiency.
dehydrated = keurangan cairan, dehidrasi. Contoh : In this hot weather, it’s easy to become dehydrated.
dementia = kehilangan kapasitas mental, gila. Contoh : There are many factors that cause dementia.
diabetes = diabetes, sakit gula. Contoh : My father has diabetes, so He has to constantly check his blood sugar levels.
diagnosis = diagnosis. Contoh : I don’t understand the diagnosis explained by the nurse.
discomfort = merasa sakit. Contoh : This injection will relieve your discomfort.
disease = penyakit. Contoh : This disease only runs in his family.
dislocated = dislokasi, salah letak. Contoh : His shoulder was dislocated after that train accident.
emergency = darurat. Contoh : In case of an emergency, dial 911.
ER (emergency room) = IGD, instalasi gawat darurat. Contoh : We bought him straight to ER once he stopped breathing.
external = bagian luar tubuh. Contoh : This cream is for external use only.
family history = latar belakang keluarga. Contoh : The doctor was concerned about my family history of diabetes.
fatal = fatal, menyebabkan kematian. Contoh : Having a wrong prescription is a fatal error.
fever = demam. Contoh : There are many disease that indicated by a fever.
flu (influenza) = flu, pilek. Contoh : People who have the flu should not close to children.
fracture = fraktur, patah tulang. Contoh : Her wrist is fractured and needs a cast.
germ = kuman, mikroorganisme penyebab penyakit. Contoh : Germs can spread through flowers.
genetic = genetik, keturunan. Contoh : The disease is genetic.
growth = bengkak. Contoh : That growth on your neck is starting to worry me.
heart attack = serangan jantung. Contoh : Smokers are at higher risk of having a heart attack.
HIV = virus penyebab AIDS, HIV. Contoh : HIV can be passed through the use of shared injection.
illness = istilah umum untuk penyakit. Contoh : My illness went away when I started eating better.
immune system = sistem kekebalan tubuh. Contoh : Because her immune system is low, she can’t have visitors.
immunization = imunisasi. Contoh : Every baby has to have immunization.
incision = sayatan ketika operasi. Contoh : The incision was 10 cm long.
infant = bayi. Contoh : When visiting a patient in the hospital, infant are not allowed.
infection = infeksi. Contoh : The wound is now infected.
inflamed = meradang, bengkak. Contoh : My elbow was so inflamed.
injury = cidera, luka. Contoh : She only got minor injuries from that accident.
intensive care unit (ICU) = ICU. Contoh : She has to stay in the ICU until she can breathe on her own.
internal = bagian dalam tubuh. Contoh : The doctor suspected him to have an internal bleeding.
itchy = gatal. Contoh : My skin were itchy after I ate the roasted peanut.
lab (laboratory) = laboratorium. Contoh : I work in the laboratorium after I graduate from school.
malignant = sel kanker yang cepat berkembang. Contoh : The doctor afraids at least one of the tumours is malignant.
medical school (med. school) = Fakultas Kedokteran. Contoh : I never planned to enter a med school, but my parents insist.
numb = kebas, mati rasa. Contoh : The injection makes me numb.
OR (operating room) = ruang bedah, ruangan operasi. Contoh : Soon he will be moved to operating room.
pain = rasa sakit. Contoh : I had drink the medicine but the pain won’t go.
pain killer = obat penghilang rasa sakit. Contoh : I need a pain killer for two days.
paralyzed = tidak bisa menggerakkan bagian tubuh, lumpuh. Contoh : Her legs were paralyzed after she fell from the roof.
pharmacist = apoteker. Contoh : My cousin works as a pharmacist in Jakarta.
pharmacy, drugstore = toko obat, apotek. Contoh : Buy a cast at the pharmacy !
physician = dokter. Contoh : Ask a physician before taking this medicine.
poison, poisonus = beracun. Contoh : The man was bitten by a poisonous snake.
prenatal = periode sebelum melahirkan. Contoh : There are prenatal classes available for public every Monday.
prescription = resep obat. Contoh : He need to visit his doctor to get another prescription.
residency, resident = residen, dokter magang. Contoh : Samantha is a resident under Dr. Watson.
routine check-up = pemeriksaan kesehatan. Contoh : I have to see my doctor for a routine check-up.
scrubs = seragam tenaga medis di rumah sakit biasanya berwarna biru atau hijau. Contoh : The doctor have some extra scrubs in his locker.
side effects = efek samping. Contoh : One of the side effects of this medicine is a headache.
spasm = kejang. Contoh : He have muscle spasms in his upper thigh.
specialist = dokter spesialis. Contoh : My doctor is sending me to a specialist.
sprain = cedera, tidak separah patah tulang. Contoh : I sprained my wrist playing football
sting = nyeri sementara. Contoh : It may sting when the nurse inject you with medicine.
swelling, swollen = bengkak. Contoh : My legs were swollen after I played football.
symptoms = gejala. Contoh : Anxiety is one of the symptoms of depression.
transplant = cangkok organ. Contoh : The kidney transplant saved my mother life.
umbilical cord = tali pusar bayi. Contoh : The doctor decided to perform an emergency C-section because the umbilical cord was wrapped around the baby’s neck.
unconscious = tidak sadar. Contoh : She was breathing but unconscious.
vein = vena, pembuluh balik. Contoh : The nurse is looking for the best vein in which to insert the needle.
vomit = muntah. Contoh : My wife vomit almost everyday when she was pregnant.
wheelchair = kursi roda. Contoh : She has to use a wheelchair for several weeks.
wound = cedera, luka. Contoh : The wounded policeman is being taken to the hospital.
x-ray = x-ray, rontgen. Contoh : The technician took x-rays of her shoulder to make sure it’s alright.