Simple Past Tense (Negatif & Interogatif)

simple past tense, question

Pembaca website kami yang baik hati. Apakah anda sedang mencari informasi tentang aturan bentuk negatif past tense ? Jika iya, silahkan baca tulisan berikut. Artikel ini memuat keterangan tentang penggunaan simple past tense dalam bentuk pertanyaan dan bentuk negatif.

Bentuk Negatif Simple Past Tense

Dalam aturan grammar bahasa Inggris, kita menggunakan did dalam past tense berbentuk kalimat tanya dan kalimat negatif. Sama seperti present tense, kita tinggal menambahkan NOT untuk kalimat negatif. Pada past tense digunakan did + NOT, disingkat didn’t. Kata kerja yang digunakan berbentuk kata kerja pertama, tanpa tambahan -ed. Berikut ilustrasinya :

  • I played
  • I did not play
  • We saw
  • We didn’t see
  • He started
  • He didn’t start
  • You had
  • You didn’t have
  • They visited
  • They did not visit
  • She watched
  • She didn’t watch

Bentuk Interogatif Simple Past Tense

Untuk kalimat interogatif, kita meletakkan did di depan subjek atau di depan I/You/We/They dan lain lain. Jika kita menggunakan kata tanya 5w1H, maka kata tanya tersebut di letakkan di depan did. Jangan lupa kata kerja yang dipakai adalah kata kerja bentuk pertama. Berikut contohnya :

  • Did I play?
  • Did she watch?
  • Did they visit?
  • Did we have?
  • Did you go?
  • Did he see?
  • What did you do yesterday?
  • How did the accident happen?
  • Where did your brother go for his holiday?
  • Did you see Sarah yesterday?
  • Did Mr. Johnson  come to the party?

Do dan does pada kalimat present menjadi did pada kalimat past tense. (Silahkan lihat di sini untuk present tense). Contoh:

  • I don’t read newspaper very often
  • I didn’t read newspaper yesterday
  • Does often he go away?
  • Did he go away last week?

Contoh-contoh Past Simple Negatif dan Interogatif

  • I saw Edward but I didn’t see his brother
  • They worked on Sunday but they didn’t work on Friday
  • Did you watch TV last night?
  • Did you enjoy the party yesterday?
  • Susanna had a pen but she didn’t have any paper
  • Did you sleep well last night?
  • We went to Jakarta but we didn’t go to Taman Mini.
  • We visited Uncle Joe last week but we didn’t see his little daughter
  • They went to the cinema last week but the film wasn’t good. They didn’t enjoy it.

Itulah keterangan tentang penggunaan simple past tense bentuk pertanyaan dan bentuk negatif. Semoga penjelasan diatas bermanfaat bagi anda. 🙂